Normal menstrual cycles are completed in about 28 days, or every four weeks, and each period lasts about five to seven days, during which around an ounce of blood is passed, or maybe a little more. An abnormal period is one which fells well outside these ranges, including periods that last more than a week, those in which more than three ounces of blood are passed (menorrhagia), those in which far less blood is passed (spotting only) and those that occur much less frequently than every 28 days. Complete absence of periods or spotting between periods is also considered abnormal (assuming you aren't using a birth control pill that results in fewer or lighter periods).
A heavier than normal period is considered one in which:
you must use a combination of tampons and pads to control the flow of blood
you pass clots
your pad or tampon or both must be changed every couple of hours, even during the night while you're sleeping
your period lasts more than a week
What are the causes of abnormal periods?
Heavy periods and other types of irregular periods including absence of periods can have several causes, including:
polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS)
pelvic inflammatory disease
use of some types of birth control, including birth control pills and IUDs
uterine, ovarian or cervical cancer
kidney, liver or thyroid disease
other diseases or conditions affecting the uterus or ovaries
Treatments for heavy bleeding depend on the underlying cause of bleeding and include:
uterine artery embolization to cut off blood flow to fibroids
minimally-invasive surgical procedures to remove the uterine lining, remove fibroids or treat endometriosis
hormone replacement therapy
Please always verify we participate in your insurance plan when you call to schedule your appointment as our participation with different plans may change from time to time. We also strongly recommend that you contact your insurance carrier to verify your coverage, benefits, limitations and exclusions prior to appointment.
For insurance plans with which we participate, we will seek to obtain verification of your eligibility. However, even when coverage, benefits, and eligibility are verified, your insurance plan will not guarantee the accuracy of their confirmation.
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